Transport infrastructure in Brazil is characterized by strong regional differences and lack of development of the national rail network. Brazil's fast growing economy, and especially the growth in exports, will place increasing demands on the transport networks. However, sizeable new investments that are expected to address some of the issues are either planned or in progress.
- Total actual network: 29,295 km
- Broad gauge: 4,932 km 1,600 mm (5 ft 3 in) gauge (939 km electrified)
- Narrow gauge: 23,773 km 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) gauge (581 km electrified)
- Dual gauge: 396 km 1000 mm and 1600 mm gauges (three rails)
- Standard gauge: 194 km 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) gauge: (2006)
- Estrada de Ferro do Amapá in the middle of the Amazon Rainforest also used standard gauge.
- A 12 km section of the former 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) gauge Estrada de Ferro Oeste de Minas is retained as a heritage railway.
Cities with Metros
Tramways (Street Railways)
Brazil has 1,751,868 kilometers of roads, 96,353 km of them paved and 1,655,515 km unpaved. That means that only 5.5% of the roads are paved and that 94.5% are unpaved. The most important highway of the country is BR-116 and the second is BR-101.
50,000 km navigable (most in areas remote from industry or population) (2008)
- condensate/gas 62 km
- natural gas 9,892 km
- liquid petroleum gas 353 km
- crude oil 4,517 km
- refined products 4,465 km (2008)
Most international flights must go to Guarulhos International Airport in São Paulo or Galeão International Airport in Rio de Janeiro. Belo Horizonte is the main international airport outside Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo. A few go to Brasília, Recife, Natal, and just recently Fortaleza has accepted international flights. With South American integration, more airports can be expected to open to international flights.
Airports - with paved runways
over 3,047 m: 7
2,438 to 3,047 m: 26
1,524 to 2,437 m: 169
914 to 1,523 m: 476
under 914 m: 56 (2008)
Airports - with unpaved runways
1,524 to 2,437 m: 85
914 to 1,523 m: 1,541
under 914 m: 1,816 (2008)
- Azul Linhas Aéreas Brasileiras
- Gol Transportes Aéreos
- TAM Airlines (TAM Linhas Aéreas)
- Total Linhas Aéreas
- Air Minas
- 16 (2007)
- The Tramways of Belém
- The Tramways of Campinas
- Campos do Jordão
- CODESP hydroelectric complex (Brazil)
- The Santa Teresa Tramway
- The Scottish Trams Of Santos
- In Tokyo Rio governor assures high speed rail Rio 2016. Retrieved on 2009-06-21.
- Mercopress - Lula da Silva opens bid for a bullet train on time for the 2016 Summer Olympics
- "Transport in Brazil". International Transport Statistics Database. iRAP. Retrieved 2009-02-17.