Tangerang is a city in the Province of Banten, Indonesia. It is located about 25 km west of Jakarta. It is the third largest urban center in the Jabotabek region after Jakarta and Bekasi. It has an area of 164.54 km² and an official 2010 Census population of 1,797,715. The Soekarno-Hatta International Airport which serves metropolitan Jakarta is located within the city.
Tangerang is an industrial and manufacturing hub on Java and is home to over 1,000 factories. Many international corporations have plants in the city. Tangerang tends to be hot and humid, with little in the way of trees or geographical features. Certain areas consist of swamps, including the areas near the Soekarno-Hatta International Airport.
In recent years the urban expansion of Jakarta has covered Tangerang, and as a result many of its residents commute to Jakarta for work, or vice-versa. Many high-class and middle-class satellite cities have been developed in Tangerang, complete with their own shopping malls, private schools and convenience centers. The government is working on expanding the highway system to accommodate more traffic flow to and from the area.
Tangerang also has a significant community of Chinese Indonesians, many of whom are of Cina Benteng extraction. Benteng means 'fortress' in Indonesian. They were descended from Manchu laborers who were brought there by the Dutch colonials in the 18th and 19th centuries. They are culturally distinct from other Chinese communities in the area: while almost none speak any dialect of Chinese, they are culturally very strongly Daoist and maintain their own places of worship and community centers. They are ethnically mixed, yet identify themselves as Chinese. A large Chinese cemetery is also located in Tangerang, much of which has now been developed into modern suburban communities such as Lippo Karawaci, Summarecon Gading Serpong, Bumi Serpong Damai, Bintaro Jaya, Modernland, and Alam Sutra.
Most of the Chinatown of Tangerang is located at Sewan, Pasar Lama, Pasar Baru, Benteng Makasar, Kapling, Karawaci (not Lippo Karawaci). One can find any food and all things Chinese there. Lippo Karawaci, Bintaro Jaya, Bumi Serpong Damai and Alam Sutra are new locations of residential places (New Towns). A vast majority of the residents are newcomers, not genuine Benteng Chinese.
Infrastructure and Facility
There are two highway connections from Jakarta. Firstly, the Jakarta–Merak highway, which have three different exits points to Tangerang city. Secondly, Bumi Serpong Damai - Jakarta Outer Ringroad highway providing direct tol access from Tangerang, Jakarta, Bekasi, and Bogor. The feeder buses of Transjakarta serves commutter from Bumi Serpong Damai and Bintaro Jaya. KRL Jabotabek serves from Tangerang and Serpong to Jakarta Kota. Many shopping malls developed in Tangerang, such as Mal Summarecon Serpong, WTC Matahari, BSD Plaza, ITC BSD, Bintaro Plaza, and the biggest one, Supermal Karawaci. For the Indonesian A1 Grand Prix in November 2008, the government had developed Lippo Karawaci circuit.
In October 1945, Laskar Hitam, a Muslim militia was established in Tangerang. The goal of this movement was to establish an Islamic nation in Indonesia. This movement later became a part of DI/TII rebel group. On October 31, 1945, Laskar Hitam kidnapped Otto Iskandardinata, Republic of Indonesia's Minister of State. He persumably was murdered at Mauk beach, Tangerang on December 20, 1945.
Tangerang city was formed as an autonomous city on 27 February 1993 out of the Tangerang Regency. The city was previously an administrative city within that Regency.
In August 1996, Walmart, the largest retail group in USA, opened its first branch in Lippo Karawaci, Tangerang. The branch was ransacked and burned down during the Indonesian riots of May 1998. Walmart discontinued their investment in Indonesia after the riot.
Situ Gintung Flood
Tangerang District is location of the Situ Gintung reservoir built by Dutch colonial authorities in 1933. It was surrounded by a dam up to 16 metres (52 ft) high, which failed on 27 March 2009 with the resulting floods killing at least 93 people.
The Benteng Heritage Museum
Besides of Boen Tek Bio Temple, the Benteng Heritage Museum which built by Udaya who plans to open on the auspicious November 11, 2011 or 11/11/11 will enriched the Chinese heritage.
South Tangerang (Tangerang Selatan) is a city which, like Tangerang city itself, is administratively separate from Tangerang Regency. It is subdivided into seven districts, which are Serpong, Serpong Utara (North Serpong), Ciputat, Ciputat Timur (East Ciputat), Pondok Aren, Pamulang, and Setu. Located on the southwest of Jakarta, it has an area of 147.19 square kilometres and a population of 1,303,569 at the 2010 Census.
Tangerang city provides educational facilities from kindergarten to college. In addition to government schools founded by there are many private schools and colleges. Among these are Sekolah Santa Ursula BSD, Santa Laurensia School,Sekolah Menengah Atas Kristen Penabur Gading Serpong, and Sekolah Islamic Village.
Apart from using buses and public transport, there are several taxi companies operating in the city.
Air Conditioned public bus shuttle is available from the Airport to several destinations inside Jakarta. This is operated by Damri a state own Company.
There are also private shuttle bus services from Jakarta to private residential area such as Lippo Karawaci and Citra Raya.
There are 17 intersections prone to traffic congestion with the obsolete Multi Program Eight Phase System. By 2012, Tangerang will have a new technology, called the Intelligent Transport System (ITS) uses a closed-circuit camera that would respond to traffic conditions at any given intersection and could reduce the rate of congestion by 30 percent.
Cisadane floodgates, years 1915-1925
Times Cisadane seen from above, year 1920-1922
Car on the way to Tangerang, West Java. year 1920-1922
The people who worked at the company Petitjean bamboo Tangerang, year 1472
- Statistic by Region
- "Organization & Group." Garuda Indonesia. Retrieved on 22 June 2009.
- "Informasi Perusahaan." Angkasa Pura II. Retrieved on 16 September 2010. "Kantor Pusat PT (Persero) Angkasa Pura II Bandara Internasional Jakarta Soekarno-Hatta."
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- 'An encounter with history,' The Jakarta Post.
- Santa Ursula BSD
- Santa Laurensia school
- SMA Penabur