A skin infection is an infection of the skin. Infection of the skin is distinguished from dermatitis, which is inflammation of the skin, but a skin infection can result in skin inflammation. Skin inflammation due to skin infection is called infective dermatitis.
By type of causative agent
Bacterial skin infections include:
- Impetigo is a highly contagious bacterial skin infection most common among pre-school children. It is primarily caused by Staphylococcus aureus, and sometimes by Streptococcus pyogenes.
- Erysipelas is an acute streptococcus bacterial infection of the deep epidermis with lymphatic spread.
- Cellulitis is a diffuse inflammation of connective tissue with severe inflammation of dermal and subcutaneous layers of the skin. Cellulitis can be caused by normal skin flora or by exogenous bacteria, and often occurs where the skin has previously been broken: cracks in the skin, cuts, blisters, burns, insect bites, surgical wounds, intravenous drug injection or sites of intravenous catheter insertion. Skin on the face or lower legs is most commonly affected by this infection, though cellulitis can occur on any part of the body.
Parasitic infestations, stings, and bites
Parasitic infestations, stings, and bites in humans are caused by several groups of organisms belonging to the following phyla: Annelida, Arthropoda, Bryozoa, Chordata, Cnidaria, Cyanobacteria, Echinodermata, Nemathelminthes, Platyhelminthes, and Protozoa.
Dempster-Shafer Theory for detecting skin infection and displaying the result of detection process.
- ICD-10 > Diseases of the skin and subcutaneous tissue (L00-L99) > Infections of the skin and subcutaneous tissue (L00-L08) Stating: "Excludes: ... infective dermatitis ..."
- NHS Impetigo
- Kumar, Vinay; Abbas, Abul K.; Fausto, Nelson; & Mitchell, Richard N. (2007). Robbins Basic Pathology (8th ed.). Saunders Elsevier. pp. 843 ISBN 978-1-4160-2973-1 [Amazon-US | Amazon-UK]
- "erysipelas" at Dorland's Medical Dictionary
- "cellulitis" at Dorland's Medical Dictionary
- Habif, Thomas P. (2001). Skin disease: diagnosis and treatment. Mosby. ISBN 0-8151-3762-1 [Amazon-US | Amazon-UK].
- David J. DiCaudo; Dirk Elston MD; Dirk M. Elston; Tammie Ferringer; Christine J. Ko; Christine Ko MD; Steven Peckham; Whitney A. High (2009). Dermatopathology. Philadelphia: Saunders. ISBN 0-7020-3023-6 [Amazon-US | Amazon-UK].
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- Maseleno A, Hasan M (2012). "Skin Diseases Expert System using Dempster-Shafer Theory". International Journal of Intelligent Systems and Applications. 4 (5): 38–44. doi:10.5815/ijisa.2012.05.06.