|Born: )December 25, 1856
St. Louis, Missouri
|Died: March 7, 1902) (aged 45)
|Batted: Right||Threw: Right|
|May 22, 1875 for the St. Louis Brown Stockings (NA)|
|Last MLB appearance|
|August 2, 1892 for the St. Louis Browns|
|Earned run average||2.85|
|Career highlights and awards|
|Member of the National|
|Baseball Hall of Fame|
|Election Method||Veteran's Committee|
James Francis Galvin (December 25, 1856 – March 7, 1902), nicknamed "Pud", "Gentle Jeems", and "The Little Steam Engine", was an American National Association and Major League Baseball pitcher. He was Major League Baseball's first 300-game winner. He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1965.
Galvin's nickname, "Pud," supposedly originated because he made the hitters "look like Pudding." Galvin was also nicknamed "The Little Steam Engine," a tribute to his durability.
A native of St. Louis, Missouri, Galvin played in an era where 2-man pitching rotations were common - hence his 6,003 innings pitched and 646 complete games, both of which are second only to the career totals of Cy Young. Incredibly, he pitched over 70 complete games in both 1883 and 1884 and 65 in 1879. Galvin is the only player in baseball history to win 20 or more games in 10 different years without winning a pennant, finishing his career with a total of 365 wins and 310 losses.
Galvin debuted for St. Louis of the National Association in 1875, the franchise's inaugural season. He spent the next 6½ seasons with Buffalo in the International Association and later of the National League. On August 20, 1880, Galvin became the first major-league pitcher to throw a no-hitter on the road, leading his Buffalo Bisons to a 1-0 victory over the Worcester Ruby Legs. Galvin was traded to the Pittsburg Alleghenys midseason in 1885. He pitched for the Allegheny ballclub from 1885 to 1889, jumped to the Pittsburgh Burghers before the 1890 season, then returned to the Alleghenys (now named the "Pirates") after only one season. On June 14, 1892 Galvin was traded to the St. Louis Browns. He retired after the 1892 season, though he apparently made a brief return to Buffalo (by this time a minor league franchise) in 1894. Galvin holds the record for most games started in a single season by a pitcher before 1893, 75, (tied with Will White).
Galvin was the first baseball player to be widely known for using performance-enhancing drugs. In 1889, over 100 years before the steroid controversy in Major League Baseball, Galvin openly used the Brown-Séquard elixir, which contained monkey testosterone.
Pud Galvin died poor at age 45 on March 7, 1902 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania and, as a Roman Catholic, is buried in Calvary Cemetery, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. His election to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1965 was by the Veterans Committee. In honor of his achievements in Buffalo, Galvin was inducted into the Buffalo Baseball Hall of Fame in 1985.
- 300 win club
- Top 100 winning pitchers of all time
- List of Major League Baseball leaders in career wins
- Top 100 strikeout pitchers of all time
- List of Major League Baseball no-hitters
- List of Major League Baseball player–managers
- Career statistics and player information from MLB, or Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or Baseball-Reference (Minors)
- Pud Galvin at the Baseball Hall of Fame
- Bio page
- Pud Galvin at Find a Grave
August 19, 1880
August 4, 1884