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Politics and government of
|See also: Politics of Moldova|
The Supreme Council ("Soviet") of the Transnistrian Moldovan Republic (Russian: Верховный Совет Приднестровской Молдавской Республики, Verkhovny Sovet Pridnestrovskoy Moldavskoy Respubliki) is the parliament of Transnistria. The unicameral legislature consists of 43 seats, all of which are determined by single mandate constituencies. It is headed by a chairman (or speaker).
Moldova still considers Transnistria part of its territory, although Transnistria declared independence on 2 September 1990. Until 2005, the chairman of the parliament was Grigore Mărăcuţă, but following the election win of opposition party Renewal the new chairman became Renewal party leader Yevgeny Shevchuk. Both Mărăcuţă and Shevchuk are native-born Transnistrians. President Igor Smirnov had set up a commission to draft a new constitution. On 22 July 2009, Shevchuk resigned as speaker and was succeeded by Russian-born ethnic Ukrainian Anatoly Kaminski, also from the Renewal party. Shevchuk cited the newly proposed constitution as a major factor as to why he resigned. He defeated Smirnov in the 2011 presidential elections.
Members of parliament
Most of the members of parliament are not native-born Transnistrians. According to official PMR data, only 15 members of the parliament out of 43 were born on the territory of Transnistria (12 in Transnistria proper, 3 in Bessarabian area of Bender-Chiţcani which is controlled by Transnistria), 4 were born in Bessarabia, part never claimed by Transnistria, 9 were born in the Russian Federation, 8 in Ukraine, 2 in Kazakhstan, 1 in Germany, 1 in Belarus, and 3 did not declare their origin. Also a list published by the European Union indicates that a majority of the leadership, who are banned from travelling to the EU, were not born in Transnistria.
|Pridnestrovie Communist Party||1|
|Total (turnout 42.26%)||171,771||100||43||—|
|Source: Renewal RIA Novosti Olvia Press Supreme Council CEC PKP|
List of speakers
- Igor Smirnov (November 1990)
- Vladimir Gonchar (November 1990–January 1991; Acting)
- Grigore Mărăcuţă (1991–2005)
- Yevgeny Shevchuk (2005–2009)
- Anatoly Kaminski (2009 – current)
- Supreme Council of the PMR. Retrieved 8 June 2008
- Верховный Совет Приднестровской Молдавской Республики retrieved 15 Apr 2011
- Supreme Council - parliamentary news MPs vote on a resolution accepting the resignation of Parliamentary Speaker Yevgeny Shevchuk. (22 July 2009)
- Yevgeny Shevchuk, "I call on you all to unite to protect our future, where there is the rule of law, the strong people are just, the weak people are protected, and everyone works and maintains stability”.
- PMR Supreme Council: Members of Parliament Supreme Council of the PMR. Retrieved 27 December 2006
- Council Decision 2006/96/CFSP of 14 February 2006 implementing Common Position 2004/179/CFSP concerning restrictive measures against the leadership of the Transnistrian region of the Republic of Moldova European Union Law Official Journal. 2 Feb 2006. Retrieved 27 December 2006