Meerut district lies between 28°57’ to 29°02’ North latitude and 77°40’ to 77°45’ East longitude in the Indo-Gangetic plains of India. It is bound on the north by Muzaffarnagar district, in the south by Bulandshahar district while Ghaziabad and Baghpat districts form the southern and western limits. The river Ganges forms the eastern boundary and separates the district from Moradabad district and Bijnor district. The Hindon forms the western boundary and separates the district from Baghpat. The ground is not rocky and there are no mountains. The soil is composed of pleistocene and sub-recent alluvial sediments transported and deposited by river action from the Himalayan region. These alluvial deposits are unconsolidated. Lithologically, sediments consist of clay, silt and fine to coarse sand. Land is very fertile for growing crops, especially wheat, sugarcane and vegetables.
According to the 2011 census Meerut district has a population of 3,447,405, roughly equal to the nation of Panama or the US state of Connecticut. This gives it a ranking of 94th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 1,342 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,480 /sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 15.01%. Meerut has a sex ratio of 885 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 74.8%.
The district contributes one Lok Sabha constituency of Meerut. The district also contributes the following assembly constituencies:
- Meerut Cantonment
- Meerut South
- "Census of India 2011 - Provisional Population Totals - Uttar Pradesh - Data Sheet". Directorate of Census Operations, Uttar Pradesh. Retrieved 26 May 2011.
- "Chapter 3 – Findings: Metro Cities of India" (pdf). Central Pollution Control Board. p. 63. Retrieved 1 April 2011.
- "Consultancy Services for preparation of the City Development Plan(CDP) for Meerut in the state of Uttar Pradesh under JNNURM" (pdf). Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission, Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India. August 2006. p. 209. Archived from the original on 30 September 2012. Retrieved 30 September 2012.
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Panama 3,460,462 July 2011 est."
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Connecticut 3,574,097"
- census of India 2001 "Basic Data Sheet - District Meerut, Uttar Pradesh".