The Kitadani Dinosaur Quarry, on the Sugiyama River within the city limits of Katsuyama, has yielded the Fukuiraptor kitadaniensis and Fukuisaurus tetoriensis as well as an unnamed dromaeosaurid and a new sauropod. It also shows the coexistence of pterosaurs and birds, in the forms of comingled tracks.
The province faces the Sea of Japan, and has a western part (formerly Wakasa) which is a narrow plain between the mountains and the sea, and a larger eastern part (formerly Echizen) with wider plains including the capital and most of the population. The mountain side of the eastern part has much snow in winter.
As of 31 March 2008, 15% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Hakusan National Park; Echizen-Kaga Kaigan and Wakasa Wan Quasi-National Parks; and Okuetsu Kōgen Prefectural Natural Park.
Nine cities are located in Fukui Prefecture:
Towns and villages 
Towns and villages in each district:
- Sabae is known for producing 90% of Japan's domestically-made glasses.
- There are several nuclear power plants located along Wakasa Bay in Tsuruga which supply power to the Keihanshin metropolitan region. It has 14 reactors, the most of any prefecture., which supply about half of the Kansai Region power needs.
- Ichijōdani Asakura Family Historic Ruins is one of the most important cultural heritages in Japan.
- Eihei-ji is a serene temple offering training and education to Buddhist monks. Founded by Dogen Zenji in 1244, Eiheiji is located on a plot of land of about 330,000 m².
- Myōtsū-ji's Three-storied Pagoda and Main Hall are National Treasures of Japan.
- Fukui is home to Maruoka Castle, the oldest standing castle in Japan. It was built in 1576.
- Many dinosaur fossils have been excavated in Fukui and they can been seen at the Fukui Prefectural Dinosaur Museum.
- Residents of Fukui Prefecture have a distinctive accent, Fukui-ben.
- Fukui has long been a center for papermaking in Japan (along with Kyoto). Its Echizen Papermaking Cooperative is a world-famous collection of papermakers making paper in the traditional Echizen style.
- Fukui is also renowned for its clean water and crops which results in delicious sake, rice, and famous soba noodles.
Friendship cities 
- JR West
- Echizen Railway
- Katsuyama-Eiheiji Line
- Mikuni-Awara Line
- Fukui Railway
- Fukubu Line
Expressway and Toll Road 
- Hokuriku Expressway
- Maizuru-Wakasa Expressway
- Chubu Jukan Expressway
- Mikata Lake Rainbow Road
- Mount Hoonji Toll Road
National Highway 
- Route 8
- Route 27
- Route 157
- Route 158
- Route 161
- Route 162
- Route 303
- Route 305
- Route 364
- Route 365
- Route 367
- Route 416
- Route 417
- Route 418
- Route 476
- Tsuruga Port - Ferry route to Niigata, Akita, Tomakomai, Otaru and International container hub
- Fukui Port
- Ichijōdani Asakura Family Historic Ruins
- Eihei-ji Temple
- Tōjinbō, a scenic piece of coastline, which is also a notorious spot for suicide.
- Echizen crabs are a local delicacy available year-round, though the crabbing season is during the winter.
- Another traditional sea-side Fukui dish is genge, a small guppy-like fish, that when eaten raw as sashimi, gives the body a brief tingling sensation.
- Awara is a famous onsen in the north of the prefecture.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Fukui-ken" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 217 at Google Books; "Chūbu" Japan Encyclopedia, p. 126 at Google Books.
- Nussbaum, "Fukui" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 217 at Google Books.
- Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 780 at Google Books.
- "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture". Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. 10-ISBN 0-674-01753-6 [Amazon-US | Amazon-UK]; 13-ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5 [Amazon-US | Amazon-UK]; OCLC 58053128