For over 450 years, the coastal enclaves of Daman and Diu on the Arabian Sea coast were part of Portuguese India, along with Goa and Dadra and Nagar Haveli. Goa, Daman, and Diu were incorporated into the Republic of India on 19 December 1961 by military conquest. Portugal did not recognize the Indian annexation of these territories until 1974.
The territory of "Goa, Daman, and Diu" were administered as a single union territory until 1987, when Goa was granted statehood, leaving Daman and Diu as a separate union territory. Each enclave constitutes one of the union territory's two districts. Daman and Diu are approximately 640 kilometers away from each other.
English, Hindi, Gujarati, Marathi are the official and main languages. The use of Portuguese is in decline because it is no longer taught at school, though a number of elderly people can still understand it, some even preferring to speak it at home. In addition to standard Portuguese, there are also two dying Portuguese-based creole languages in Daman (known as Língua da Casa, "Home Language") and Diu (Língua dos Velhos, "Elders' Language"). English is increasingly accepted for official purposes.
|Source:Census of India|
According to the Constitution of India, Administration of Daman and Diu is carried out by an Administrator appointed by President of India. An Administrator is an agent of the President not the head of state like a governor. Currently this post is held by Shri B. S. Bhalla, 1990 batch IAS Officers. He is assisted by a number of other officers in carrying out his duty.
- Diu District, an area of 40 km². The main settlement is the town of Diu.
- Daman District, an area of 28 sq mi or 72 km². The main settlement is the city of Daman.
Daman and Diu's gross state domestic product for 2005 is estimated at $156 million in current prices.
In the 2011 census, the lowest female to male ratio in India (618 females per thousand males) was recorded in Daman and Diu. The Daman district, with a female to male ratio of 533, is among the lowest of all the districts in India.
Media & communications 
Print media 
- Deccan Chronicle
- The Times of India
- Hindustan Times
- The Hindu
- The Business Line
- The Economic Times
- The New Indian Express
- The Hans India
- Airtel, Aircell, BSNL, Idea Cellular, Reliance Mobile, Tata Docomo, Vodafone etc.
- Satellite Television:
- Airtel digital TV, Dish TV, Reliance Digital TV, TATA Sky.
- All India Radio, FM.
See also 
- The Goa, Daman and Diu Official Language Act, 1987
- Tourism of India: Daman and Diu
- Daman & Diu
- "Census Population" (PDF). Census of India. Ministry of Finance India. Retrieved 2008-12-18.
- "Ranking of States and Union territories by population size : 1991 and 2001". Government of India (2001). Census of India. pp. 5–6. Retrieved 2012-05-12.