Cyncoed is a community in the north of the city of Cardiff, capital of Wales. Located in the north east of the city, Cyncoed is one of the most affluent suburbs of Cardiff, and of Wales in general. It has some of the highest property prices in Wales. It also surrounds a small village called Lakeside, in which lies one of Cardiff's richest streets and one of the most popular schools.
In 1887 John Crichton-Stuart, 3rd Marquess of Bute offered 121 acres (49 ha) of marshland to Cardiff Council, for use as a public park. In 1894, Roath Park was officially opened to the public. Work initially focused on creating the lake from an area of marshland. In 1915 a lighthouse was constructed in the lake containing a scale model of the 'Terra Nova' ship to commemorate Captain Scott's ill-fated voyage to the Antarctic from Cardiff in 1910. The park's atmosphere today still retains the Victorian elegance and its status as a Conservation Area ensures these qualities will be conserved.
In 1914, the council built Cefn Coed Road, which ran past the original (18th century, and still standing to this day), farmhouse, which allowed small builders to develop houses for coal merchants and exports who worked at the Coal Exchange.
Post World War I developers bought the farmland as Cardiff expanded rapidly, with high quality detached housing being built to access Cardiff Golf Club, which occupied land to the north, and The Cyncoed Tennis Club.
During World War II there was a US Army in the area. Post the war, in the 1950s this area was redeveloped as housing demand grew, and the rural nature of Cyncoed vanished forever, including the development of the Lakeside estate, centered around Celyn Avenue.
Today a leafy suburb, some of the older and larger properties have been demolished and replaced by smaller homes, and supplemented with smaller semi-detached infill. Modern housing estates now surround the area.
Features include a small shopping village, a number of churches, and a synagogue, because there is a sizable Jewish community living in Cyncoed. Cyncoed Medical Centre is actually just within neighbouring Pontprennau, on the road junction Cyncoed, Pontprennau and Pentwyn, to enable it to serve all three communities.
Between Cyncoed and Llanishen lie two defunct reservoirs. The company which owns this site, Western Power Distribution, intends to build houses there but this plan is opposed by many residents of the two districts.
The Poet Gillian Clarke lived there for many years.
Primary schools and secondary schools provide local education. Lakeside Primary School was built on Ontario Way, and Cardiff High School (used to be called 'Ty Celyn') was built on the site of Celyn Farm, located towards Roath Park. There are campuses of Cardiff Metropolitan University and a Cardiff University hall of residence.
As well as a modern hall of residence for Cardiff University, in 1961 the Cardiff College of Education providing teacher training opened. Various courses are now taught on the Cyncoed campus of Cardiff Metropolitan University, but it is most famous for its physical education department which has produced various sports people from its students, including: Dai Davies; Lynn Davies; Gareth Edwards; Clive Griffiths; Greg Thomas; Steve Watkin.
Rhydypennau Library (Welsh: Llyfrgell Rhydypennau) is situated near Cardiff High School. Refurbished in 2006-2007, modifications to the entrance included the installation of automatic doors and the replacement of existing ramps. New windows were also fitted to the library and old facia boards were replaced. Accessible facilities for disabled people were put in place.
There are 4 PCs with free public Internet access and 1 PC in the children's section. Storytime for pre-school children followed by craft activities, and rhymetime for babies and toddlers are organised by the library.
The electoral ward of Cyncoed falls within the parliamentary constituency of Cardiff Central. It is bounded by Llanishen to the northwest; Lisvane to the north; Pentwyn to the east; Penylan and Plasnewydd to the south; and Heath to the west. It is represented by 3 Liberal Democrat councillors on Cardiff Council.
Cyncoed Road runs through the Cyncoed region, connecting outer suburbs to the inner city.
Cyncoed is served by Cardiff Bus route 52 linking it to Penylan, Roath and Cardiff central bus station. The 52A continues to Llanishen. Some western parts of the area have access to Heath Low Level railway station, with services northbound to Coryton on the City Line. Heath High Level station is also nearby, on the Rhymney Line with services northbound to Rhymney via Lisvane & Thornhill and Caerphily. Both lines have services southbound to Cardiff Queen Street and Cardiff Central.