Houses at Ressel Square
|Elevation||240 m (787 ft)|
|Area||33.20 km2 (12.82 sq mi)|
|Density||707 / km2 (1,831 / sq mi)|
|- summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Postal code||537 01|
Location in the Czech Republic
|Wikimedia Commons: Chrudim|
The oldest archaeological findings which provide first signs of the settlement in this area date back to the 5th millennium BC. Various cultures succeeded one on another in the territory of today’s town of Chrudim and its vicinity. Chrudim town was established before 1276 and soon after became to be a dowry town of Bohemian Queens.
During the reign of Maria Theresa (1740-1780), Chrudim became the centre of the region and, in 1751, the seat of regional offices. The 18th and especially the 19th centuries brought vigorous development. The medieval ground plan of the historical heart of the town and its suburbs were no longer able to meet the growing requirements. The population reached 13,000 inhabitants at the end of the 19th century. The first industrial factory, with its foundry and forge, and a shoe factory launched industrial development. Social life also greatly expanded in the second half of the 19th century. The number of schools, cultural and social events led Chrudim to be known as “Athens of Eastern Bohemia”.
- Viktorin Kornel ze Všehrd (* cca 1460 at Chrudim, + Sept.,25,1520 at Prague), writer, lawyer, since 1484 Dean of Charles´ University at Prague
- Jan Nepomuk Štěpánek (1783–1844), actor, theatre director
- Josef Ressel (1793–1857), inventor. Gymnasium school in Chrudim is named after him.
- Petr Průcha (1982 - ), KHL hockey player for SKA Saint Petersburg.
- Dušan Salfický (1972 - ) Hockey player, goaltender
- Die postalischen Abstempelungen auf den österreichischen Postwertzeichen-Ausgaben 1867, 1883 und 1890, Wilhelm KLEIN, 1967