|Function||Super Heavy launch vehicle|
|Country of origin||Europe|
|Height||74 m (242 ft)|
|Mass||1874,000 kg (4,131,000 lb)|
|Payload to LEO||90,000kg (198,000lb)|
|45,000 kg (99,000lb)|
|Launch sites||ELA-3, Guiana Space Centre|
|Boosters (Stage 0) - P230|
|Thrust||6,470 kN (1,454,510 lbf)|
|Specific impulse||275 sec|
|Burn time||129 seconds|
|Thrust||5,590 kN (1,252,185 lbf)|
|Specific impulse||430 sec (assumed)|
|Specific impulse||430 sec|
The Ariane M was first hypothesized in 1991 as part of a CNES study. However, it was not developed because of prohibitive costs and doubt over its mission requirements.
In 2001, the ESA established the Aurora programme. This program calls for an eventual human landing on Mars that is targeted for 2030. To achieve such a feat, a heavy launch vehicle is required. Therefore, Ariane M may be required.